Norway Massacre Breivik Facts: What He Liked and Disliked

Gates of Vienna
This is Part I: 

Geir Lippestad, the defense lawyer for Anders Behring Breivik, intends to haul Fjordman and Hans Rustad (the editor of into court to testify on his client’s behalf. According to Mr. Lippestad, the two “right-wing extremists” influenced Mr. Breivik with their writings and websites, and are therefore partially responsible for the killer’s actions on July 22.  (See Part II)

AB_Breivik_bilde_1468_lrgTo most people outside of Scandinavia these assertions are the height of absurdity. But Norwegians take such matters very seriously. Breivik liked to read Fjordman, and he liked to hang out and comment at, so those two “influences” are complicit. Q.E.D., Norwegian-style.

Photo Credit

But what about the other influences on Anders Behring Breivik?

His 1,500-page manifesto contains plenty of references to other people, movies, books, sites, weapons, etc. What else did he like? What did he dislike?

Thanks to the tireless efforts of a group known as the Transatlantic Statistical Underground, the sources cited by Mr. Breivik in his manifesto have been collected in exhaustive detail and compiled into a spreadsheet with more than 900 entries. I’ve imported their data into a database and normalized it so that the results could be summarized for further analysis.

Below is the first of two tables derived from the Breivik data. This list shows the people (both living and dead) referenced by the killer, and how he regarded them — like, dislike, or neutral, or some combination of all three if he cited them more than once. The second table will be more difficult to compile, since it contains all his other citations — books, video games, movies, music, organizations, products, weapons, etc.

We don’t have a TV, so I probably included some entries that are titles of TV shows rather than names of actual people. But by and large this is a list of people, some of them grouped together as joint authors of books.

The number listed for each name or group does not refer to how often the source was mentioned, but to the number of individual citations in a section, paragraph, or group of sentences.

Fjordman, of course, gets top billing, with twenty-one citations. But Hans Rustad, who is almost as vilified as Fjordman in Norway nowadays, is only cited once.

In contrast, Robert Spencer is cited (and liked) four times by Mr. Breivik. Daniel Pipes gets three approvals. So why didn’t Mr. Lippestad subpoena the two American “Islamophobes” as well?

The answer is obvious: these other people are not Norwegian. Serving a subpoena on foreigners is not a particularly productive tactic. The defense is grabbing for the low-hanging fruit instead. Anders Behring Breivik didn’t cite very many Norwegians with approval, so Fjordman and Hans Rustad will have to bear the brunt of the scapegoating.

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The list below contains 459 entries (some containing more than one person). It’s in tabular format, so that readers may easily copy and import it into other applications for further analysis:

People cited by Anders Behring Breivik in his manifesto

Source: The Transatlantic Statistical Underground

T.J. Abercrombie1Neutral
D.L. Adams1Neutral
Theodor Adorno6Dislike
Christina Aguilera1Dislike
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad1Dislike
Abdullah Al-Araby1Neutral
Aldamont the Sceptic (Reformed atheist)1Neutral
Alexander the Great1Neutral
Alex Alexiev1Neutral
Alfred the Great (King of Wessex)1Like
Maurice Allias (Economist)1Like
Jose Padilla aka Abdullah al-Muhajir1Neutral
Poul E. Andersen1Neutral
Kevin Anderson1Neutral
Pamela Anderson1Neutral
Dr. Ole Jørgen Anfindsen2Neutral
Kofi Annan1Dislike
Talal Anqawi (Head of Saudi border guard)1Neutral
Yasser Arafat1Dislike
Andrew Arato1Dislike
Arsalan (Pakistani Norwegian)1Dislike
Taro Aso1Like
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (First president of Turkey)1Like
Athelstan (First king of a unified England)1Like
Caesar Augustus1Neutral
Mike Averko1Neutral
David Ayalon1Neutral
Peter Balakian1Neutral
Baligha (Pakistani childhood friend)1Neutral
Bar Hebraeus2Neutral
Joel Barker1Neutral
José Manuel Durão Barroso2Dislike
Bashir (Somalian friend)1Neutral
Lee Bass1Neutral
Peter Bauer (European conservative)1Like
Bruce Bawer2Like, Neutral
Mark Begich (Rep.)1Neutral
Wenche Behring (Mother)1Neutral
Paul Belien1Neutral
Walter Benjamin1Dislike
Count of Cavour (First Italian PM) Camillo Benso1Like
Richard Bernstein1Dislike
Mark Beunderman1Neutral
A. Bhat1Neutral
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (Pakistani PM in 1977)1Neutral
Michael Biljetina1Neutral
Otto von Bismarck2Like, Neutral
Tony Blair2Dislike
Benjamin Bloom1Dislike
William Blum (Author)1Neutral
Baron Bodissey2Like
Marij Uijt den Bogaard1Dislike
Helene Boksle2Like
Napoleon Bonaparte1Neutral
Christopher Booker1Neutral
Sonthi Boonyaratglin (Thai usurper in 2006)1Neutral
Judge Robert Bork1Like
Andrew G. Bostom2Neutral
T.B. Bottmore1Dislike
Boudicca (Queen of the Iceni)1Like
George A. Bournoutian1Neutral
Mary Boyce1Neutral
J.A. Boyle1Neutral
M. Bozinovich1Neutral
Jens Breivik (Father)1Neutral
Brevik’s mother1Neutral
Bobby Bright (Rep.)1Neutral
Gordon Brown1Dislike
Louise Brown (Test tube baby)1Neutral
Thomas Buergenthal (ICJ Judge)1Like
Dersca Bulgaru1Neutral
Edmund Burke3Like
George W. Bush2Neutral
Armin van Buuren1Like
P. Lazarovich-Hrebelianovich & Eleanor Calhoun1Neutral
Caractacus (King of Catuvellauni)1Like
Carlos the Jackal1Dislike
Thomas Carlyle (Reformed atheist)1Neutral
Cassivellaurus (Chieftan of united British tribes)1Like
George Castriota (Skanderbeg)1Like
Fidel Castro2Dislike, Like
Charles (Arrested friend)1Neutral
Chief Gall1Like
Winston Churchill2Like, Neutral
Carl von Clausewitz1Like
Bill Clinton1Dislike
Christopher Columbus1Neutral
Pat Condell1Like
Patricia Cone1Neutral
Constantine I1Like
James Corbertt1Neutral
Peter Costello1Neutral
Bud Cramer (Rep.)1Neutral
Crazy Horse1Like
Suzanne Cross (Historian)1Neutral
Arrian Q Curtius1Neutral
General Custer1Dislike
Xun Dai1Neutral
Ishaq Dar (Pakistani senator)1Neutral
Charles Darwin1Neutral
R.C. Majumdar, H.C. Raychadhuri, K Datta1Neutral
David (Biblical)1Neutral
King David1Like
Angela Davis1Dislike
Arthur Davis (Rep.)1Neutral
Richard Dawkings (Atheist)1Dislike
Sheryl Dean1Like
Jacques Derrida1Neutral
India Doordarshan1Neutral
W.O. Douglas1Neutral
Jonathan Dowd-Gailey1Neutral
H.M. Elliot and John Dowson1Neutral
William Easterly (European conservative)1Neutral
Edgar of Wessex (King of Alba)1Like
Edward (Neo-Nazi childhood aquaintance)1Neutral
John Eibner1Neutral
Eilif (Turkish childhood friend)1Neutral
Leiv Eiriksson1Neutral
Kurt Eisner1Dislike
Elisabeth (Stepsister)2Like, Neutral
Koenraad Elst2Neutral
Friedrich Engels1Dislike
Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels1Neutral
Recep Tayyip Erdogan1Neutral
Erik (Stepbrother)1Neutral
Dick Erixon1Neutral
Odd Erling (Adopted Columbian friend)1Neutral
John Esposito1Dislike
A. Evans1Neutral
Fabian (Friend)1Neutral
Douglas Farah1Neutral
Heather Field1Like
Carter Vaughn Findley1Neutral
Samuel Finer1Neutral
Alan Fisher1Neutral
Hugh Fitzgerald1Neutral
Fjordman21Like, Neutral
Nancy Folbre (Feminist Economist)1Neutral
Katie Ford (CEO of Ford Models)1Neutral
Megan Fox1Neutral
Sigmund Freud2Dislike
Betty Friedan1Dislike
Erich Fromm2Dislike
Alberto Fujimori (President of Peru)1Neutral
Audrey Gallagher1Like
Giuseppe Garibaldi (Italian political figure)1Like
Pamela Geller1Neutral
David Lloyd George (British PM)1Neutral
Garth George1Neutral
Edward Gibbon1Neutral
Jamie Glazov1Neutral
Murray Gordon1Neutral
Salvador Allende Gossens (Chilean President in 1973)1Neutral
Michael Gove1Neutral
Antonio Gramsci1Dislike
Madison Grant (Author)1Like
Mark Grant (Epidemiologist at Loyola Univ, Chicago)1Neutral
Michelle Grattan1Neutral
Conrad Greenia (Translator)1Neutral
Kanchan Gupta1Neutral
King Gyanendra (King of Nepal)1Neutral
Atty. Elyakim Haetzni1Neutral
Thea Halo1Neutral
Meghdad Hamedinia1Dislike
Abdul Hamid II1Neutral
David Hamilton1Neutral
E. A. Hammel1Neutral
Elaib Harvey1Neutral
David Held1Dislike
Helena (Constantine’s mother)1Like
Benjamin Hermansen (Non-white killed by racist)1Neutral
Theodor Herzl (Founder of Zionism)1Like
Emma Hewitt1Like
Lauryn Hill (Singer)1Dislike
Hillel the Elder (Just a quote)1Neutral
Paris Hilton1Neutral
Christopher Hitchens1Neutral
Adolf Hitler1Dislike
Thomas Hobbes3Like, Neutral
Jan Hogendon1Neutral
Holger Danske (Ogier the Dane)1Like
Hans-Hermann Hoppe1Neutral
Richard Hovannisian1Neutral
Sarah Howells1Like
Enver Hoxha1Neutral
Stefan Lazar Hrebeljanovic1Like
Clement Huart1Neutral
James Hughes (Bioethicist)1Neutral
Samuel P. Huntington1Neutral
Snouck Hurgronje1Dislike
Phillip D. Curtin, Roger Antsey, J.E.Inikori1Neutral
Lorenz Jager1Dislike
William James2Like
Jan (Stepbrother)1Neutral
Martin Jay1Neutral
Jay-Z (Rapper)1Dislike
Thomas Jefferson1Like
Jesus Christ1Like
Amelia Jimenez (Godmother)1Neutral
Scarlett Johansson1Neutral
Charles Johnson1Neutral
Tim Johnson (1-800-CONTACTS spokesman)1Neutral
Jonathan (Eritrean friend)1Neutral
High Priest Jonathan1Neutral
Ted Kacznyski1Like
Franz Kafka1Neutral
Paul Kagame (President of Rwanda)1Like
Kaia (Stepniece)1Neutral
Immanuel Kant1Neutral
Radovan Karadzic1Like
John Kerry1Neutral
AQ Khan1Neutral
Dr. George Khoury1Like
Salva Kiir (South Sudan)1Like
William C. King2Neutral
Heidi Klum1Dislike
Evan F. Kohlmann1Neutral
Agnes G. Korbani1Neutral
Carl Kosta1Neutral
Marko Kraljevic1Like
Martin Kramer1Like
Kristoffer (Friend)1Neutral
Osama bin Laden1Dislike
Lady Gaga1Dislike
K.S. Lal1Neutral
Stanley Lane-Poole1Neutral
Lao Tzu2Neutral
Larry and Denise1Neutral
John Laughland1Neutral
John Law (Just a quote)1Neutral
Richard Henry Lee1Neutral
Milorad Ulemek Legija (Second in command of Serb Volunteer Guard)1Like
Raphael Lemkin (Scholar who defined genocide)1Neutral
Lene (Adopted Indian friend)1Neutral
Vladimir Lenin1Dislike
Ronny Lesthaeghe (Demographer)1Neutral
Reuben Levy1Neutral
Bernard Lewis1Neutral
Alexander Litvinenko (former KGB spy)1Neutral
John Locke3Like
Phillip Longman1Like
Lottario dei Conti di Segni (Pope Innocent III)1Like
George Lukacs1Dislike
Martin Luther1Like
Edward Luttwak2Like, Neutral
Niccolo Machiavelli2Like, Neutral
Thomas Madden2Like, Neutral
Tina Magaard1Like
Rajiv Malhotra1Neutral
Thomas Malthus1Like
Nelson Mandela1Dislike
Clint Mansell (Composer)2Like, Neutral
Manuel II Palaiologos (Byzantine emperor)1Neutral
Herbert Marcuse1Dislike
Marius (Friend)2Like, Neutral
Georgi Markov (Bulgarian Journalist)1Neutral
Bob Marley (Rastafarian)1Dislike
Charles Martel1Like
Martin (Friend)2Like, Neutral
Andrew Marvel1Neutral
Karl Marx2Dislike
Lucio Mascarenhas1Neutral
Abraham Maslow1Dislike
Mazarin (French cardinal)1Neutral
Joseph McCarthy1Like
Edna McNichols1Dislike
Timothy McVeigh1Neutral
Angela Merkel1Dislike
John Stuart Mill3Like
Michael Minnicino1Dislike
Mohammad Mohammadi1Dislike
Marilyn Monroe1Neutral
Dambisa Moyo1Like
John Mueller1Dislike
B. Munnich1Neutral
Lisa Murkowski (Senator)1Neutral
Pervez Musharraf1Neutral
Lee Myung-bak1Like
Nas (Rapper)1Dislike
Natalie (Chilean friend)1Neutral
Binyamin Netanyahu1Neutral
Cardinal John Henry Newman1Like
Sir Francis Newport (Sceptic)1Neutral
Isaac Newton1Neutral
Friedrich Nietzsche1Dislike
Nils (Neo-Nazi childhood aquaintance)1Neutral
Nina (Stepsister)1Neutral
Richard Nixon1Neutral
Elin Nordgren1Dislike
Barack Obama1Neutral
John O’Callaghan1Like
Matthew O’Connell1Dislike
Clas Ohlson1Neutral
Onor (Turkish Friend, Eilif’s brother)1Neutral
George Orwell2Like
Tove Øvermo (Stepmother)2Like, Neutral
Pablo (Chilean friend)1Neutral
Thomas Paine1Dislike
Alan Palmer1Neutral
Gwyneth Paltrow1Neutral
K. Pant1Neutral
Vasiliki Papoulia1Neutral
Paul (Saul) (Biblical)1Neutral
Hugh de Payens (One founder of Knights Templar)1Neutral
Steven L. Pease1Neutral
Peter (Friend)2Like, Neutral
Walid Phares2Like
Melanie Phillips1Like
Daniel Pipes3Neutral
Plato2Dislike, Neutral
Plutarch (Ancient Greek Historian)1Neutral
Polybius (Ancient Greek Historian)1Neutral
Karl Popper (LSE Philosopher)1Like
Vladimir Putin2Neutral
King Pyrrhus1Dislike
Muhammad bin Qasim1Neutral
Sayyid Qutb1Like
Ayn Rand3Like
Dina Rashed1Like
Anders Fogh Rasmussen1Like
Zeljko Raznatovic (Commander of the Serbian Volunteer Guard)1Like
Wilhelm Reich1Dislike
Steve Reiquam1Neutral
David Rennie1Neutral
Condoleezza Rice1Neutral
Richard (Friend)1Neutral
Richard (Mentor)1Like
Richard I of England1Like
Thomas Ricks1Neutral
Robert the Bruce (King of Scots)1Like
Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar (El Cid Campeador)1Like
Transl. By Franz Rosenthal1Neutral
Mikhail Roshchin1Neutral
Salman Rushdie1Neutral
Hans Rustad1Like
Anwar el Sadat (Egyptian president in 1981)1Neutral
Edward Said1Neutral
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux1Neutral
Saint George1Like
Saint George of Lydda1Neutral
Saint James the Moorslayer1Like
Saint Peter1Neutral
Sam Browne (1800s British officer)1Neutral
V. Sarianidi1Neutral
Nicolas Sarkozy1Dislike
V. Sazawal1Neutral
Thomas Kleine-Brockhoff/Bruno Schirra1Neutral
Sir Thomas Scott (Chancellor of England)1Neutral
Roger Scruton1Neutral
Severus (Roman emperor)1Neutral
William Shakespeare2Like, Neutral
Nawaz Sharif (Former Pakistani PM)1Neutral
Moshe Sharon1Neutral
George Bernard Shaw2Neutral
Charlie Sheen1Like
Walid Shoebat1Neutral
Marcus Shossow1Like
Sigurd the Crusader1Like
Lee M. Silver (Princeton professor, author)1Neutral
Aeneas Silvius (Crusader)1Neutral
Fred Singleton1Neutral
Sitting Bull1Like
Sigurd Skirbekk1Neutral
Adam Smith2Like
Craig S. Smith1Like
John III Sobieski2Like, Neutral
Dr. Javier Solana1Neutral
Solomon (Biblical)1Neutral
Robert Spencer4Like
Oswald Spengler (German Historian)1Neutral
Gayatri Spivak1Neutral
Stain (Arrested friend)1Neutral
Joseph Stalin1Dislike
Richard Steenfeldt-Berg1Like
Edmund Stillman (Editors of Life, Time Inc.)1Like
Sturla (Friend)1Neutral
Nebojsa Djordjevic Suca (Second in command of Serb Volunteer Guard)1Like
Sulla of Rome1Neutral
Shaukat Sultan (Pakistani military spokesman)1Dislike
Lawrence Summers1Like
Hema Sundaram (Author)1Neutral
Johan Surkyn (Demographer)1Neutral
Taylor Swift1Neutral
Prince Talal1Dislike
Alfred, Lord Tennyson1Neutral
Henry David Thoreau1Like
Ken Timmerman1Neutral
Jonathan Tisdall1Neutral
Ehud Toladano2Neutral
Leo Tolstoy1Neutral
Tore (Stepfather)1Neutral
Arnold Joseph Toynbee1Neutral
Serge Trifkovic1Neutral
Leon Trotsky1Dislike
Harry Truman1Dislike
Tupac (Rapper)1Dislike
Mark Twain2Like, Neutral
Tyler (Stepnephew)1Neutral
Jon Tyrgve (Friend)1Neutral
Muhammad Zia Ul-Haq (Pakistani Chief of Army Staff in 1977)1Neutral
Eleftherios Venizelos (Greek revolutionary)1Like
Victor Emmanuel II (King of Italy)1Like
Nirmal Chand Vij (Indian army chief-of-staff)1Neutral
Vlad Tepes/Vlad III the Impaler1Like
Francois Voltaire1Dislike
Speros Vryonis1Neutral
Shrinandan Vyas1Like
Abdoulaye Wade (President of Senegal)1Like
Ibn Warraq1Neutral
George Washington1Like
Wazim (Pakistani friend)1Neutral
Felix Weil1Dislike
Joel Euel Werda1Neutral
Tom Whitehead1Like
Geert Wilders1Like
Kaiser Wilhelm1Dislike
John Ralph Willis2Neutral
Graeme Wilson1Like
Keith Windschuttle2Like, Neutral
Philip Johnston/Robert Winnett1Dislike
Nino Witoszek1Neutral
Thomas E. Woods Jr1Neutral
John Wright1Neutral
P. Yeghyaian1Neutral
Boris Yeltsin1Neutral
Bat Ye’or3Like, Neutral
Abraham Yohannan1Neutral
Fareed Zakaria1Neutral
Amira El Ahl, Daniel Steinvorth, Volkhard Windfuhr, Bernhard Zand1Neutral
Mao Zedong1Dislike
Abu Zubaydah1Neutral
Erik J. Zurcher1Neutral