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Mexico's Social Welfare System Threatened from US Deportation Rate

Written by m3report

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November 4, 2008
Drop in remittances from Mexicans living in the United States threatens Mexico's social welfare in some areas

M3Report
El Universal (Mexico City) 11/1/08
[The increasing return of its migrants from the US is beginning to catch Mexico's media attention.]
-  According to the Mexican National Institute of Migration, between the beginning of 2006 and August, 2008, some 1.5 million of their countrymen were deported from the US. 

Contributing to this trend, the total for 2008 could reach 600,000.  In addition to these numbers, many are returning because of the financial and employment situation in the US.  Those remaining are sending less money home.  Mexico's social welfare is threatened by the drop in remittances received in economically marginal areas according to elected officials who call for a "rescue fund" of 1.8 billion pesos to be included in the 2009 budget. 

The decrease in income from their US migrants "can convulse half the country," warned one of the representatives.  Another pointed out that the recovery program would provide support for those who remain in the US where whatever they might have there would be more than what they would find in their home communities.  The state and federal governments are not coordinated to face the wave of migrants remaining unemployed in the US and there is no plan in place, according to the Mexican Senate's head of the revenue commission.  "The situation is worrisome because, at the moment, we haven't established an emergency program regarding people who are returning," he stated.
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-  Although national and international authorities consider the recent arrest of Eduardo "El Doctor" Arellano Felix may have rung the death knell to the Arellano Felix drug cartel, new names have surfaced in official records of some who presumably are capable of controlling the family group and could give it continued life.  One of these is Enedrina Arellano, one of the sisters considered to be the business manager of the organization.  Also in the files of the Security Police (SSP) are Luis Fernando Sanchez Arellano and Ismael "El Ingeniero" Zamora Arellano

-  Federal Police arrested Antonio "El Amarillo" Galarza Coronado, alleged leader of the Gulf Cartel in the Reynosa, Tamaulipas plaza [area of operations].  He has also been known by other aliases, El Tigre and El Aguila among them, and was left in charge of the Reynoza plaza after the capture of Juan Oscar "El Barba" Garza Azuara in April 2007.
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El Debate (Sinaloa) 11/1/08
Four young musicians from two separate local musical groups were gunned down by AK-47s on the streets of Culiacan, Sinaloa.  Although having the earmarks of a narco-hit, no motive was reported and no arrests were made.
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El Universo (Guayaquil, Ecuador) 11/1/08
 
Seventy more Ecuadorans arrived on a special flight yesterday at a Guayaquil airport after being deported from the United States.. All had entered the U.S. illegally and "some" had records for criminal law violations they committed in the U.S.
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La Prensa Grafica  (San Salvador, El Salvador) 11/1/08
 
The Salvadoran National Police carried out an operation Friday afternoon at the port of Acajutla and seized 300 kilos (some 660 lbs.) of cocaine which had arrived in a container from the Colombian port of Buenaventura. The event took place in coordination with the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration.
(This same paper and others report that Bolivia's President Evo Morales has ordered the indefinite suspension of D.E.A. activities in Bolivia and has accused it of supporting his political enemies.  In September, Morales ordered the U.S. Ambassador out of the country. Morales is the leader of Bolivia's coca growers.)
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Sunday 11/2/08

El Universal (Mexico City) 11/2/08
-  The headline read, "Spy scoffed at "useless procedures."  A man under the witness protection program, identified only by his code name "Felipe," had been in the service of the Beltran Leyva drug cartel while working at the US Embassy in Mexico.  The "mole," who supplied the cartel data regarding investigations of organized crime groups, was able to obtain the necessary official Mexican clearance to work for a foreign government .  His application for permission to work for the Embassy began at the Office of Foreign Relations (SRE) in August last year and then proceeded through both the Senate and Chamber of Deputies without detection that the applicant "had already participated in acts of corruption" as an agent of the AFI [equiv: FBI ], much less that the cartel had put him on the path to infiltrate the Embassy.  During the time between "Felipe's" application and its authorization in October 2007, not one investigation was carried out as to his previous work history or was it noted that he would be employed as a "criminal investigator in the office of the US Marshal Service of the US Embassy," according to the report of the procedure before the Legislature.  His application had been bundled together with four others of less sensitive clerical positions and no special attention had been given to the fact that he would be doing sensitive investigative work.
-  With the murders of five within the final 24 hours of October, Tijuana, Baja California, registered the most violent deaths from organized crime in the country with a total of 172.  The city's total murders attributed to criminal organizations  for the year so far is 543.  The state of Mexico, surrounding the nation's capital, has had ten state and municipal police assassinated in the past three days.
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Monday 11/3/08

El Financiero (Mexico City) 11/3/08
Patricia Espinosa Cantellano, Mexico's Secretary of Foreign Affairs, said that Mexico will strive for immigration reform in the US regardless who becomes president.  "We insist on the importance of having an immigration reform, that immigration reform occur, that the contributions Mexicans make to the US society and economy be recognized," she stated.
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El Imparcial (Hermosillo, Sonora) 11/3/08
Last evening, an armed group in Nogales, Sonora, assassinated Juan Manuel Pavon Felix, head of the State Public Security Police.  He was gunned down in front of the hotel where he was staying awaiting a press conference today with the governor and the state Attorney General.  Four men were arrested following the attack, all presumed linked to narcotraffic.
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El Universal (Mexico City) 11/3/08
Despite efforts since the '90s, the Mexican government continues being unable to control its border with the US, which permits the entry of all types of firearms supplying the drug cartels, according to a study by Jose Luis Perez Canchola, a member of the Mexican Academy of Human Rights.  Citing a text titled, The Traffic of Arms. October 2008, Perez Canchola said that the US government has the responsibility for the smuggling of arms into Mexico.  He contends that, in the same way that the US holds Mexico responsible for the flow of illicit drugs into the US market, they should recognize their lack of control of arms  manufactured in their country that end up in the hands of criminals in Mexico.  The article also pointed out that a large number of mob-style murders are committed with weapons from the US.
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NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF FORMER BORDER PATROL OFFICERS
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Foreign News Report

The National Association of Former Border Patrol Officers (NAFBPO) extracts and condenses the material that follows from Mexican and Central and South American on-line media sources on a daily basis. 
 

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